Slide Presentation Audio Script by Steve Swettenham


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Humanity has externalized memories in many different fashions to the current digital representation of the message.

Back in August 2016 when I started the EDDE program, Dr. Ally stated that there ought to be a different word for e-book to describe such an entity. This entity I had tried to address back in September 10, 2015 with the MEM “e-book” (which is a bit redundant).

In essence, humanities messages written on objects or in binary code supported by electricity, are extensions of internal memories. Hence the MEM, a word with cover or M sandwich.

This presentation on my research embodies the MEM site and historical motivation as a Canadian pioneer of online learning with evidence that can be found in the URL’s in the notes section of this slide.

The starting agenda encompasses 35 more slides which you can navigate at your convenience.


The purpose of this presentation is in partial fulfillment of EDDE 806 course requirements


My presentation includes acronyms and abbreviations to compact the textural content on slides


The EDDE program emphasizes that the researcher has a worldview which undoubtedly influences the research. As Neil Bohr noted, the measurement is the reality. Thus, objectivity is tempered by the act of measuring something.

These are some of my worldview keywords and ideas.


I am drawn to Critical Theory to support my research as it tends to encompass the elements I seek – power and justice. There is a very clever Youtube presentation by Nicholas that I recommend as an entertaining overview.


I have adapted the tables from Lincoln, Lynham, & Guba (2011)


There are elements from different paradigms that could fit within my Critical Theory paradigm. In particular, hermeneutics is applicable to my research as a method, whereas the Lincoln, Lynham, & Guba (2011) tables assign this to constructivism. I believe that hermeneutic analysis of any literature review can be useful in such ways as pattern and keyword development.


An Open e-Textbook Publishing System Policy is incommensurable as it changes existing educational policies and practice.


A research goal is the emancipation of knowledge for humanity.


I had originally produce three chapters on a general exploration inquiry that upon reflection was not the key capstone of my forty years of post-secondary experiences; a large portion of that time involved online education (even before the public Internet).


My experiences with the first Pressbooks system in Alberta post-secondary education provided the subject matter to explore further.


Ignoring the potential of the educational technology would be to the detriment of learners and society.


The focus of the research changed from lower levels toward critically examining a policy for Open e-Textbook Publishing Systems.


As noted in the literature, the term “policy” has more than one definition, with an emphasis on action to resolve something.


Having personally been a victim of educational injustice, I acknowledge that any investigation of policy has a political element which is outside the scope of my research, as I am external to the educational politics.


Although Open e-Textbook Publishing System Policy is incommensurable with current educational policies (given the EPUB-FHD.ATHABASCAU.CA experience), the scope of the research is post-secondary education and therefore educational policy and Open Educational Resources policy need to be taken into account.


Open e-Textbooks in the literature are typically expressed as a form of OER. An emerging thread in the literature is the trivialization of Open e-Textbook Publishing Systems “as just another OER.”


There are many reasons to justify a policy and the following key rationale is a useful start that aligns with the critical theory paradigm.


In the domain of policy, I view my inquiry at the infancy of the subject matter within the area of academic social science research. I am not examining the efficacy or comparison to other policies as that would account for future research.


I have chosen to include the term “system” because there are many components to the subject, as outlined in this mindmap that is a preliminary breakdown of the terms from the research inquiry.


After three years of investigating the subject, I finally returned to my thoughts from the past. This mindmap is a much earlier brainstorming on components that together could be considered a system.


Dr. Rory McGreal (my supervisor) introduced me to an article on agile research that guides the approach to my inquiry.


The research design, as per the dissertation title, is primarily exploratory with support from case examples and publicly available documents.


The guiding questions for the research emerged from the literature review and the agile research approach toward refocussing on a specific policy.


The initial research on Open e-Textbook Publishing Systems produced themes that were further validated through open source hermeneutic software tools (made in Canada). Policy development is ongoing and is represented as a floating construct in the subject matter cloud.


The limitations of the research inquiry are partially governed by the theoretical paradigm, inquiry design, and other factors such as time and space considerations.


In addition, there are many barriers to the research such as having consistent Internet connection. In particular, the health of the researcher is paramount. I recall a good colleague who died during the research of Alberta’s trout inventory along the Rocky Mountains which completely ruptured the knowledge in that area.


Although the literature review is continuous as part of the design in reflection, I intentionally choose open source applications so that anyone in the world can follow my research without barriers to acquiring the software tools. I believe this fundamental to any open research.


Due to the unending volume of literature, and research matter, I rely on a reference management system that will generate a bibliography in Zotero format that will be made available for the dissertation product.


My exploratory inquiry incorporates post-secondary academic institutions with active open e-textbook publishing systems in Canada.


As part of preparing for the research inquiry I had email contact with various academic institutions across Canada. Based on my email feedback, I was compelled to seek historical evidence from published media.


Since my approach is perhaps digital archaeological, in retrieval of media that is publicly available, the ethics of participants does not factor into the research. Thus the risks are primarily on points of accuracy and precision.


I intend to publish my chapters in Pressbooks which can be reviewed and annotated by anyone with Internet access.


In conclusion, I hope to finish my inquiry by the end of 2021, as I am getting to old for remembering the notes to my notes.


This cartoon hyperlinks to a nice illustration by Brian Gable.